GIESSEN

GIESSEN, city in Hesse, Germany. A persecution of the Jews took place there in 1350. Jews are again mentioned in 1375. In the 17th century the few dozen Jews of Giessen were compelled to listen to missionary sermons by Christian preachers. In 1662 they were expelled from the town. Jews were permitted to return and to settle in Giessen in 1708. Some Hebrew printing took place in Giessen during the 17th and 18th centuries, most of it by non-Jewish printers. The community numbered 200 in 1828, 458 in 1871, and 1,035 (3.3% of the total population) in 1925. In 1933, under the Nazi regime, Richard Laqueur, rector of the university, was dismissed from his office because he was Jewish, as were F.M. Heichelheim , K. Koffka , erich stern , and margarete bieber . The synagogues erected in 1867 and 1899 were destroyed during kristallnacht in November 1938. By the end of the year 730 of the out of the 1,265 Jews living in Giessen and its environs in 1933 had left. The last Jews were deported in September 1942. There were 27 Jews living in Giessen in 1967 and around 200 at the beginning of the 21st century. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Germ Jud, 2 (1968), 278–9; PK; A. Freimann, A Gazetteer of Hebrew Printing (1946). (Akiva Posner)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Giessen — Puede referirse a: El río Giessen es un río de Alsacia. Giessen (Gießen) es una ciudad de Alemania, en Hesse. La región administrativa de Giessen. El distrito de Giessen. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giessen — ▪ Germany       city, Hessen Land (state), west central Germany. It lies on the Lahn River between the Westerwald and Vogelsberg (mountains), north of Frankfurt am Main. First mentioned in 1197, it was chartered in 1248 and sold to the landgraves …   Universalium

  • Giessen — Original name in latin Gieen Name in other language Gieben, Gieseni, Giessa, Giessen, Gieen, Gisen, Gissen, Gorad Gisen, Gysenas, Nkisen, ghysn, gisen, gysn, ji sen, kis sein, Гисен, Гиссен, Горад Гісен, Гіссен State code DE Continent/City… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Giessen — geographical name city W central Germany N of Frankfurt am Main population 73,763 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Giessen — ► C. del centro de Alemania, en el estado de Hessen; 75 555 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GIESSEN —    (21), the chief town of Hesse Darmstadt, situated at the confluence of the Wieseck and the Lahn, 40 m. N. of Frankfort on the Main; has a flourishing university, and various manufactories …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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